How to Grow a Coffee Tree from Seeds at Home In a Pot

For coffee lovers, growing their own coffee tree is a delightful adventure. Not only does it offer the possibility of home-grown beans (although it takes a few years), but the coffee tree is also a beautiful, glossy-leaved ornamental plant. Here’s how you can grow a coffee tree from seeds in the comfort of your home.

1. Getting Started:

Sourcing Coffee Seeds:
To begin, you’ll need fresh, high-quality coffee seeds. Look for seeds that are labeled as ‘green coffee beans’ or ‘raw coffee seeds’. It’s essential to use fresh seeds for better germination rates.

2. Germination:


  • Begin by soaking the coffee seeds in water for 24 hours. This helps to soften the outer layer and speeds up the germination process.
  • Fill a container or pots with a mix of perlite and peat or a well-draining potting mix. Ensure that the pots have drainage holes.


  • Place the coffee seed flat on the soil surface and then lightly cover it with about 1/4 inch of your soil mix.
  • Water the soil gently, ensuring it’s damp but not waterlogged.


  • Coffee seeds need a warm and humid environment to germinate. The ideal temperature range is between 70°F to 85°F (21°C to 29°C). Consider using a seedling heat mat to maintain a consistent temperature.
  • Placing the pot inside a plastic bag can help in maintaining humidity. Ensure there’s some air circulation to prevent mold growth.

3. Growing Stage:

Coffee trees prefer indirect light, so placing them near a window with filtered light is ideal. Too much direct sunlight can scorch the leaves.

The soil should be kept moist but not soggy. Overwatering can cause root rot, so ensure good drainage.

Once your coffee tree starts growing, you can feed it with a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer every two weeks during its growing season.

As your coffee tree grows, it may become root-bound. Repotting it every few years into a slightly larger container will keep it healthy.

4. Patience is Key:

A coffee tree grown from seed can take 3-4 years to produce its first flowers, followed by coffee cherries. The cherries contain coffee beans, which you can harvest, process, roast, and brew.

5. Pruning:

Pruning can help in maintaining the size and shape of your coffee tree. You can trim it once a year, removing any dead or unwanted growth.

6. Pest Management:

Coffee plants can be susceptible to pests like mealybugs and aphids. Regularly check the plant and use insecticidal soap or neem oil to treat any infestations.

Growing a coffee tree from seeds at home is a rewarding experience. It requires patience and care, but the satisfaction of nurturing your coffee plant, and perhaps one day enjoying a cup from your home-grown beans, is genuinely unparalleled. So, embark on this green journey and immerse yourself in the world of coffee cultivation!

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